EDITO

Our ambition, our challenges

Dear all,

Since the completion of its financial restructuring last December, BOURBON aims to be better structured than ever before to face the challenges of our industry. From shipowner in the offshore oil & gas industry, the group has become a fully-established service provider for energy producers at sea and make every effort to bring its clients innovative solutions for performance optimization (onshore logistics, passenger logistics, digital solutions, etc.). The Covid-19 pandemic is challenging even the strongest of organizations. Our real challenge today is to be agile and adaptable.

In such an environment, being agile means innovating, evolving our internal processes and of course our service offering, to be able to identify new business opportunities. But it also means remaining uncompromising on our priorities: safety and compliance.

This new edition of PartnerSHIP reveals some of the first concrete achievements that are significant for the evolution of BOURBON services and for our quest for agility. We are a recognized leader in the installation of offshore floating wind turbines and we do not hesitate to challenge ourselves to go beyond the requests of our clients, as shown by the implementation of our new Airport-to-Rig passenger logistics offer.

We are therefore confident about the future. Our market is recovering cautiously and we are preparing for the challenges of the future. The fact that Bourbon Mobility is relaunching its program of fleet renewal with an objective of 40% of new Surfers within 3 years perfectly demonstrates the group’s new dynamics.

Offering the best services with the best assets is our ambition to meet the offshore challenges of tomorrow. In this complex environment, we are putting all our energy into it, we assure you.
 

François Leslé
Bourbon Mobility CEO

EXPERT INSIGHT

Offshore turbines: a revolutionary floater

Bourbon Subsea Services (BSS) is collaborating closely on TetraSpar project for the development of a revolutionary new floater for floating offshore wind turbines, cheaper to manufacture and assemble than conventional floaters. The wind turbine will be transported from Denmark to waters off Norway and then installed, this summer. We discuss the project with offshore wind pioneer Henrik Stiesdal, who designed of the TetraSpar floater.


PartnerShip: Why are you involved in the development of floating offshore wind turbines?

Henrik Stiesdal: The International Energy Agency (IEA) recently declared that conventional offshore wind farms could be capable of delivering slightly more than the world’s present electricity load, which is of course good. But if transport and industry are to be made carbon-free, then we will have to produce very much more electricity than our present needs. According to the IEA, floating offshore wind is theoretically capable of delivering 10 times our current electricity load. There are a number of arguments in favour of floating wind. For one thing, conventional fixed-bottom offshore wind farms have to be installed in shallow waters. There are not so many suitable sites around the world. But for floating wind farms, you can go out to deeper water. Floating wind also has some less obvious advantages. The most important one is that one size fits all. Normally in fixed-bottom offshore wind, you have different foundations for different water depths. You often even need different foundations in a given project because on large wind farms the conditions are not the same for all the turbines. But with a floater, it’s always the same foundation, which is a big advantage for serial production.
 

PartnerSHIP: You are currently working on the TetraSpar demonstrator, in partnership with Bourbon Subsea Services. What are your objectives?

H.S.: I’m not trying to develop new wind turbines, because anything Vestas or Siemens can do is much better than what we could do. But they don’t do floaters. The problem is that construction of floaters still needs to be industrialised. So my idea was to develop a form of floater where modular components can be factory-produced, transported by road – one-by-one if necessary – to the quayside, where they can be assembled using an on-shore crane. Thanks to factory manufacture and on-shore assembly, significant cost savings are achieved. The whole process of manufacture and assembly of the TetraSpar closely mirrors that of the wind turbine itself, and this has never been done before. We are currently engaged on assembling a TetraSpar floater in Grenaa, Denmark, working closely with Bourbon Subsea Services, which has been working with us on the upstream engineering of the project. We are planning for it to be transported and installed off the coast of Norway during the summer, although the dates will depend on weather conditions and, of course, the additional problems for an international project like this posed by Covid-19 restrictions and quarantine regulations.
 

PartnerSHIP: Tell us about your collaboration with Bourbon Subsea Services.

H.S.: We knew that this project would involve doing complicated things that have never been done before, so we would need the most experienced player in transporting and installing floating offshore turbines. We issued a tender enquiry according to procurement rules, and BOURBON’s tender was the most attractive in every respect. The key to this cooperation really lies in the work done upstream, between us. BOURBON was involved since September 2019 to detail the impact of the installation phase on the design of the floater. They have given us excellent service in the fine-tuning of the concept so that the risks involved in using new processes are as small as we can make them. Many people might imagine that the main purpose of a demonstrator like this revolves around the weight of the structure, or the cost, or whatever, but matters most is ensuring that everything is done in a safe manner, and then, of course, at a low cost. BOURBON’s cooperation has been vital. It really has been a super, constructive collaboration, and we are extremely happy with it.

 

A pioneer in offshore wind technology

Henrik Stiesdal, 64, one of the world’s leading pioneers in offshore wind technology, has at least 650 patents relating to wind power technology to his name. He designed his first wind turbines as long ago as the mid-1970s, before going to university, and licensed them to Vestas. During his studies he served as a part-time consultant first for Vestas and later for Bonus. After completing his doctorate, he became full-time technical manager of Bonus. In 1991 he was responsible for the technical development of the first offshore wind turbines installed in Denmark, at Vindeby. Stiesdal later became Chief Technology Officer at Siemens Wind Power. In 2014 he set up his own company, researching and innovating in a number of areas that are key to the energy transition, such as floating offshore wind power and mid-term energy storage.

 

How the TetraSpar foundation works

The future of the offshore power sector lies in floating wind turbines, which can be sited in deep seas where wind speeds are greatest. But the production and installation of floaters have to be made cheaper for the energy source to be more economical. The TetraSpar Demonstrator, developed by Henrik Stiesdal, sets out to do just that by industrialising the process. The floater consists of modular tubular steel members that are factory-manufactured, and easily can be transported as individual elements to a large assembly zone at the quayside. The assembly itself is carried out using a special joining system developed for the project and a standard onshore crane. The finished triangular structure is about 65 metres long on the ground, and weighs just over 1,000 tonnes. It is associated with a much heavier keel, a ballasted structure weighing about 1,500 tonnes that is assembled separately, which ensures that the centre of gravity is lower than the centre of buoyancy. After the floater is lowered into the water, the fully assembled wind turbine in installed on it prior to being towed out to sea.

 

THEIR STORIES

Airport-to-Rig contract with Subsea7 in Angola: a world first!

Bourbon Mobility has successfully completed an innovative four-month contract with Subsea 7 (Sept. to December 2020). The end-to-end “Airport-to-Rig” service covered the organisation and execution of all aspects of transportation for more than 1,000 personnel rotations during the Zinia 2 project on Block 17, Angola. Jointly designed with the client, the service increases efficiency and cuts costs. One of the architects of the service, Guillaume Vassout, Chartering Development Manager – Global Projects Centre at Subsea 7, shares his experience with us.

 

PartnerSHIP: How did the idea of the Airport-to-Rig contract come about?

Guillaume Vassout: It was the culmination of a collaboration based on a long-standing relationship between Subsea 7 and the BOURBON Group. Rodolphe Bouchet from BOURBON and I had discussed improved ways of working and collaborating together during this time.Three years ago, we held a BOURBON Day at our head office in Suresnes, near Paris. Your team came to talk with our management and all our operational departments. It’s rare for a client to organise a full day like that for a supplier, but it allowed both sides to talk in total transparency. The day was very positive for both groups, solidifying our partnership, and one of the things that emerged was the “airport-to-rig” concept. I would like to thank David Bertin (VP GPC & AP) and Frederic Cescutti (Supply Chain Director GPC & AP) for their participation during this Bourbon day and their support to the implementation of the Airport-to-Rig concept.


PartnerSHIP: The first contract has now been completed. How would you say it went?

G.V.: It’s been very positive for us, because BOURBON has been a facilitator, and has helped us deal with Covid restrictions as well as with decrees in Angola that obliged us to make some changes to our plans. The solutions that Bourbon Mobility found enabled us to keep the project on course. They also helped us to meet local requirements with regard to using local personnel in the project management team, logistic team and onboard vessels. I think it’s also been positive for BOURBON, because it has been able to introduce an innovative concept. It’s created a new business model. I’d say that BOURBON and Subsea 7 have learned together. Without their collaborative spirit, transparency and openness, it could never have happened. Changing working methods that have been solidly established for decades is difficult. Many people are afraid of change. But we decided to move ahead and learn together.
 

PartnerSHIP: How do you think the service could be improved?

G.V.: It’s important to provide the right level of accommodation, corresponding to the standards the crews expect. It’s fair to say there were a few challenges to overcome at the beginning. But we were extremely impressed at how quickly Bourbon Mobility and its local organisation, Sonasurf, acted when we told them about our concerns, the issue was rapidly resolved and that created an extremely good impression. And it was also unfortunate that the timing of the contract, due to impact of Covid-19, added further challenges. Two months before it was due to launch, we had to make radical changes to our plans to comply with the restrictions. Hotels had to be changed, quarantine periods had to be managed, and so on. Once again, the speed with which Bourbon Mobility reacted was very impressive Overall, it’s been a great successand I’m proud that we’ve been able to do this together.

"BOURBON and Subsea 7 have learned together. Without their collaborative spirit, transparency and openness, it could never have happened. "
GUILLAUME VASSOUTChartering Development Manager – Global Projects Centre at Subsea 7


PartnerSHIP: What was the feedback from Subsea 7 personnel?

G.V.: The feedback has been very positive, both locally and at the level of our operations management. It was quite a challenge for our Project Director Benoit Vigot who trusted BOURBON – and trusted me, for that matter! – because it wasn’t necessarily easy to have confidence in a system that had never been tested. Overall, everyone was very satisfied with the way the surfers were managed, and once the teething troubles had been resolved, and especially in the context of the pandemic that we were all facing, the feedback was positive.

PartnerSHIP: What will the next phase be? 

G.V.: We’re already working with François Leslé, Bourbon Mobility CEO, on a pandemic-free “2.0 version” of the service. There could be other forms of collaboration, and we could be looking at countries other than Angola. The concept should work in countries where BOURBON is established and we are not yet present.

 

The undersides of the Airport-to-Rig contract

The Airport-to-Rig service (originally conceived as Door-to-Rig: see PartnerSHIP no. 8) positions the company as a service provider, rather than a shipowner. All aspects of transport for the customer’s personnel travelling on rotations or special missions to and from rigs are handled by BOURBON, including a meet-and-greet facility at the airport, transfer to a hotel, accommodation and meals, all necessary procedures (including quarantine during the Covid-19 pandemic), a safety induction programme and sea transit to the rig by surfer. Benefits for the customer include lower costs and greater security. The first four-month Airport-to-Rig contract was signed with Subsea 7 in October 2020.

 

SUCCESSFUL TOGETHER

Seismic support: high precision in deep water

Equipped with two UHD ROVs, the Bourbon Evolution 802 will carry out a seismic support mission in the summer off the coast of Nigeria. PartnerShip takes this opportunity to look back at the principle of such operations, which are so vital in the context of oil exploitation.

 

Seismic surveys are designed to determine the potential of an oil field. This operation is generally carried out using sensors (streamers) towed by a vessel, recording the signals emitted by detonations of compressed air emitted by the vessel towards the seabed. When the return of this shock wave is interpreted, it provides information on the geology of the seabed, estimates the state of the oil reserves and makes it possible to give a valuable assessment of future exploitation.

The Bourbon Evolution 802 will be carrying out a “4D” seismic campaign to determine the evolution of the subsurface over time, as oil exploitation has already begun. The MPSV will place sensors (known as “nodes”) at a depth of about 1000 m, positioned with precision by UHD (Ultra Heavy Duty) ROVs. These sensors will receive the shockwaves from the detonations of the transmitting vessel, before being brought to the surface and deposited again remotely. This operation is repeated over 60 days and calls for a dedicated double ROV team of 13 people on board.

This mission shows the versatility of the Bourbon Evolution 800 series. The vessel and its equipment have undergone evolutions to meet the client’s requirements: the vessel’s acoustic positioning system has been optimised and the ROVs’ tether has been extended to increase their horizontal excursion possibilities and thus accelerate the deployment and recovery of the seismic sensors as the vessel is advancing simultaneously.

 

UHD Work ROVs

Our UHD Work ROVs are capable of handling loads from a few kilograms to more than 3 tonnes, while operating at up to 4,000 m depth at a maximum speed of 3 knots. They have 200 HP of power and are equipped with state-of-the-art technology (deep positioning to ensure stability and precision, latest generation multiplex system to transmit a high quality signal, high-definition cameras, sophisticated control system, etc.).
 

 

IN PICTURES

Boat-landing video: Immediate boarding!

BOURBON is offering its customers the very first virtual reality boat-landing training course. This technology helps the future passenger to better understand this environment and improve safety during the boarding and disembarking phases.
Discover a Boat-landing operation as if you were there!

 

 

SHARED VIEWS

PMP: The challenge of vessels recommissioning

In anticipation of an activity recovery, BOURBON has recommissioned several vessels in recent weeks, which means significant investments in PMPs (Planned Maintenance Periods) requiring an increasingly agile internal organization. Gontran de la Souchère, Head of Business at Bourbon Marine & Logistics, sheds light on these strategic maintenance operations for PartnerSHIP.

 

PartnerSHIP: Vessels are being recommissioned after several years of supply chain slowdown in our industry. Does this imply that the trend is being reversed?

Gontran de La Souchère: Recovery is real, but I would call it timid or prudent. New contracts often concern projects that were delayed or postponed and especially over the past year due to Covid crisis. Although we see some visible signs of recovery, we remain cautious with reactivation decisions and will avoid speculative ones. Our strategy is to have recommissioning plans ready for execution based on contract awards. Considering the time it takes to recommission vessels, it requires responsiveness and agility from all those concerned to meet our clients' needs in a complex Covid context. Similar to the PMPs of vessels under contract, these recommissions illustrate the Group's capacity to invest in order to guarantee our clients the highest possible technical availability of our vessels.


PS: What exactly does a PMP consist of?

G. L. S.: It is a guarantee of compliance with regulations and reliability to be able to continue to operate, or to resume service in the case of recommissioning. A PMP generally includes the inspection and maintenance of the engines, propulsion, and all the equipment of the vessel, as well, of course, as hull maintenance when it is in drydock. The vessel must also pass the regulatory inspections required to renew its certification. So, the scope of the operation is very wide. In addition to the preparatory work upstream, i.e. the establishment of the specifications for the work to be performed and the budget, these PMPs take nearly four months to complete after the decision is made to start work. This time is necessary for the purchase and shipping of spare parts, the mobilization of the various operators and the shipyard, as well as the real time necessary for the work, which takes 30 to 45 days. Recommissioning a vessel that has recently been laid up and whose certificates are still valid is an easier process, but even then we do not accept any complacency. No PMP is insignificant and we must make the vessels available to our clients on the required date.
 

"Similar to the PMPs of vessels under contract, these recommissions illustrate the Group's capacity to invest in order to guarantee our clients the highest possible technical availability of our vessels."
GONTRAN DE LA SOUCHEREHEAD OF BUSINESS - BOURBON MARINE & LOGISTICS

PS: Who are the main actors?

G. L. S.: The final objective is to deliver a vessel that complies with our client's contract and expectations, but a PMP is the materialization of a much broader process involving many entities within the Group: The shipmanager in charge of the vessel is the key element and the contracting party for the project. They are responsible for the smooth operation of the PMP in relation with our in-house Bourbon Tech Solutions department (see the box) but also with the affiliate which manages the contract and with Bourbon Marine & Logistics’ sales department. The interactions between all these teams, upstream and downstream, contribute to the effective achievement of the PMP. Similarly, once the PMP is finished, the mobilization of the vessel and its delivery require anticipation and coordination among all parties, especially in the international context we are all aware of today.
 

PS: Let's go back to the vessels. What criteria are they selected on?

G. L. S.: Once again, we have to be agile and anticipate. When client projects were postponed in 2020, we identified the best candidates for future recommissioning. The main criteria are the condition of the vessel, the duration of its lay-up, and its ability to respond to market needs. But other factors are also essential in the management of a PMP, such as the reactivity of the shipyard. Moreover, we can't ignore the impact of Covid, which may still delay maintenance operations in some countries. It is a factor of uncertainty or complications in order to carry out the work within the allotted time. So, all these factors must be controlled as much as possible, and the PMPs of these last few weeks have comforted us as to the validity of our organization. Being agile and adaptable are undoubtedly our main challenges in this period...

 

Remote audits: Innovation serving our operational standards 

The development and deployment of a new remote audit tool is a further illustration of the agility that BOURBON is showing in these difficult times. Using target questionnaires and tablets, this tool makes it possible to carry out ISM-ISPS-MLC audits, to prepare OVIQ inspections, to improve safety by better identification of hazards and to to carry out a detailed visit of the vessel (with photos), allowing management to have a perfect view of its actual condition.

The benefits are multiple, both for management and for the vessel: greater reactivity, improved flexibility of intervention and better understanding of the vessel.

 

OVERVIEW

Personnel transfer: Virtual reality at the service of safety

The boat landing is a critical operation regarding the transfer of personnel from a Crew boat to an offshore structure. Bourbon Mobility objective is to perform this boarding and disembarking operations with a maximum of safety. This transfer method, which has proven its effectiveness - and is highly regulated in terms of safety - is now reinforced by a new digital training program proposed by Bourbon Mobility to its clients, combining a serious game and a virtual reality training.

 

The first element of the training programme consists of a series of serious games for oil and gas workers to play on their smartphones or tablets, allowing them to gain knowledge and understanding of embarking and disembarking procedures. At the moment there are seven games through which users can learn the roles of the various individuals on a crew boat, identify the items of safety equipment and know in what order to use them, and so on. The games culminate in a quiz, which provides a score, equivalent to a pass or fail.

The application is currently available for Android devices, and an iOS version for Apple iPads and iPhones is due to be released soon. The offer is packaged with licences for use of the application, with a number of accesses for the users. There is a back office function with which clients can monitor the use of the application. They are alerted when a user achieves a pass score. In the future, when the training will be a standard of our sector, only personnel credited with a “pass” score will be allowed to board a rig from a Crew boat.
 

VIRTUAL REALITY

Knowledge of the procedures alone, although essential, is not enough. In stressful and safety-critical situations, what counts is being able to apply the knowledge correctly. This is what led the project team to the second key element of the programme. They realised that it was important to provide trainees with the opportunity to actually experience the sensations of boarding and then disembarking a rig, so they commissioned a virtual reality tool.

Wearing headsets, trainees are fully immersed in every aspect of the boarding scenario. With realistic visuals and their ears filled with the sound of the sea, the vessel’s engines and seamen’s voices shouting instructions, they can feel all the sensations that they would experience doing it for real, but with zero risk. A concept validated by nearly 200 BOURBON employees who could test it.
 

A VERY FLEXIBLE TRAINING COURSE

BOURBON is determined to establish its boat landing training, very flexible, to be implemented as widely as possible. “For now, we have a pool of six specialists who are available to provide the necessary training,” explains Quentin Labbe, who is responsible for marketing the package. “Our trainers travel to the customer’s site, anywhere in the world. All the equipment can be packed in a single cabin luggage-size case. It takes just half-an-hour to install and customise the smartphone app, and then each participant is given about 20 minutes’ individual training on using the virtual reality equipment. As a comparison, the cost of this training is much lower than a helicopter safety training...”